FRST 231 (3 cr): Introduction to Biometrics

FRST 231 - Introductory Biometrics for Forestry

Course Description

Basic theories of probability and statistics. Sampling distribution, methods of estimation and hypothesis testing; goodness of fit and tests for independence; analysis of variance, regression and correlation.

Co-reqs: One of MATH 100, MATH 102, MATH 104, MATH 180, MATH 184, MATH 190.

Intended Student

  1. Students who need a good introductory applied statistics course with biological examples and who are unable to take the on-campus version of this course.
  2. Students in the various programs offered by the Faculties of Forestry and Land and Food Systems.
  3. (a) Students with a general interest in statistics; (b) Access Studies students improving addressing deficiencies in their academic backgrounds prior to professional registration; and (c) students in natural resource programs at other universities interested in completing a good, introductory applied statistics course.

Course Content

  • Lesson 1: Statistical Measures And Descriptions Of Data
  • Lesson 2: Probability
  • Lesson 3: Distribution Of Random Variables
  • Lesson 4: Discrete And Continuous Distributions
  • Lesson 5: Sampling Distributions
  • Lesson 6: Estimation Of Parameters
  • Lesson 7: Hypothesis Testing On Means And Proportions
  • Lesson 8: Tests Concerning Variances, Goodness-Of-Fit, And
  • Lesson 9: Analysis Of Variance
  • Lesson 10: Simple Linear Regression


  • Assignment: There are five assignments to submit, one at the end of each even-numbered lesson. Check your course schedule for the dates that the assignments should reach your instructor. Assignments count for 30% of your final course mark.
  • Quiz: To test the key concepts of each topic in the lessons a number of quizzes should be answered on canvas. Check the canvas page whether you have access to those quizzes. Your instructor will post a practice quiz in the first week of the course. Quizzes count for 10% of the final grade.
  • Final Exam: In order to write the final examination, all assignments must be completed within due dates and submitted to the instructor for marking. The final exam is worth 60% of the final grade. The final exam is online using Proctorio, an online invigilation tool that monitors your activities during the online exam. Proctorio will record your webcam, your computer screen, or other actions during the assessment session and share that information with your instructor.

    Proctorio requires the use of the Google Chrome web browser and you need to use/install the Proctorio extension.

    All recordings made by the auto-proctoring service are stored securely within Canadian servers. In line with British Columbia’s Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act, these recordings are kept for a year and a day. After this time, the recordings are deleted.


  • Kozak, A., R.A. Kozak, C.L. Staudhammer and S.B.Watts, Introductory Probability and Statistics: Applications for Forestry & the Natural Sciences, CAB International, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK, reprint 2012

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